Editor’s note: I highly recommend that you watch the video on the right side!
The statistics show, nine out of ten lupus patients are teenagers and women aged in between fifteen to thirty five. Females are a lot more vulnerable to lupus than males. Four out of five teenage lupus patients are females. Females have less resistance against auto immune disease like lupus.
The different types of lupus
There are several types of lupus. Among them, systemic lupus erythematosus is the worst kind. It affects the body organs and skin severely. For children, it may become fatal. Children, who inherit this disease genetically and get affected from birth, generally do not reach their teenage age as even skin tissue damage may become fatal for them. On a side note aswell, don’t forget to view www.lupus.org for more general information on the subject!
There are several things that may cause lupus. As lupus is an auto immune disease, things that affect the immune system may trigger lupus. Reckless use of drugs, excessive use of drugs and use of different types of drugs at the same time without proper medication from a doctor may end up in causing lupus. Some people use drugs for different problems without asking a doctor. This is very bad. Drugs directly affect the immune system and may cause malfunction if used in heavy doses. The reaction of using different drugs at the same time may do the same.
Not only may the excessive use of different drugs cause lupus but also excessive exposure to the direct sunlight may cause it too. Sunlight contains ultraviolet rays. These ultraviolet rays are very harmful to human skin. If a person spends a long time under the sun with exposed skin, it increases the chances of triggering lupus. In this particular case fair people are at great risk than dark people. Dark skinned people have natural protection called melanin in their skin far more than fair skinned people. So people should be careful when they expose themselves into the sunlight if they are fair.
There are few more things which may cause lupus but the above two reasons are the main causes of lupus. Drug addiction may cause lupus and some people may inherit lupus genetically, but these are less common.
I wrote an article on how to get rid of lupus so I highly recommend that you read about it here.
The symptoms that indicate Lupus
There are some significant symptoms of lupus. Among them the most significant is the discoid lupus rash. A discoid rash is disc shaped rash. Generally people who are suffering from lupus get a butterfly like rash on their face. It looks like a butterfly is sitting on their nose bridge with stretched wings. After some time, it begins to look like a disc shape rash. A butterfly rash is only seen in the face but disc shaped rash can be seen all over the body. This discoid lupus rash is red in color or sometimes it is pink. A butterfly rash is not irritating but a discoid rash is very much itchy. These discoid rashes cause severe hair fall if these occurs in the scalp and also cause severe irritation.
Besides the discoid lupus rash, lupus may cause severe fever and headache along with joint pain. Knee joints, elbow joints and finger joints get affected by lupus. Photosensitivity is another symptom of lupus. A lupus affected person becomes very much sensitive to sunlight and bright artificial light.
Lupus is used for wolf in Latin. The disease is named “Lupus” because when the disc shaped rash heals, it heals from the inside out and leaves a bite shaped mark like wolf-bite.
Is there a perfect cure for this skin disease?
There is no perfect cure for lupus. The severity can be minimized by regular exercise, avoiding direct sun exposure and by using controlled drugs. Sometime lupus heals automatically. For the distinct discoid lupus rash, many types of lotion can be used according to the doctor’s medication. For severe marks, cosmetic surgery may become a good solution.
In addition to this post, I would like to refer to a video that I found very usefull:
Lupus is a disease we all have heard of, but a lot of people do not actually know what lupus really is. There are 4 different kinds of lupus namely Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE, Discoid Lupus, Drig-Induced Lupus and Neonatal Lupus. SLE is the kind of lupus that people know of, the one that is characterized by a lupus rash. Discoid lupus, like SLE, also has lupus rash as one of its symptoms but it is not as serious as SLE. Drug-induced Lupus is caused by the intake of some medications that can bring about a specific reaction to the immune system. Nenonatal Lupus is the transfer of the disease from a pregnant mother to her child. Each kind of lupus has some common symptoms, and some are significantly distinct from the other. But how is lupus diagnosed.
Btw, I found a video on how hard it is to diagnose Lupus, just as a reminder below I’ve written down the symptoms that will often tell you if you have the disease or not.
So how do you diagnose lupus?
Symptoms of lupus vary from one person to another, and because these symptoms are more or less the same as the other diseases, giving a diagnosis of lupus is a tough challenge. Lupus rash for example may flare up at a particular time and may disappear after a few weeks or days, along with the other symptoms. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE, the most serious of all the four types, must be meticulously checked. The American College of Rheumatology established guidelines to help diagnose Systemic Lupus Erythematosus accurately. When a person is suspected of having lupus, medical professionals should conduct several tests to confirm whether the patient has lupus or not.The guidelines made by the American College of Rheumatology is more like a checklist that would somehow help the doctors in the diagnosis of lupus. When a person has lupus rash on the face or on any part of the body, he is not to be considered as someone with lupus yet, as a lupus rash is just one of the symptoms. The American College of Rheumatology gave a list of a total of 11 symptoms that a lupus patient could possibly manifest. A manifestation of 4 out of 11 of these symptoms would be a confirmation that the patient indeed has lupus.
So what are the symptoms of lupus?
- Serositis – this is an inflammation of the membranes around the heart and lungs
- Mucosal ulcers – these are sores found along the linings of the mouth and nose
- Arthritis – this is a pain, swelling or tenderness in two or more joints
- Photosensitivity – sensitivity to sunlight characterized by skin rashes
- Abnormalities in blood count – low white blood, red blood or platelet counts
- Kidney disorder – high protein count in the urine
- Malar rash – also known as butterfly rash or rash that appear on the bridge of the nose and spreads to the cheeks
- Discoid rash – red and scaly patches on the skin that can cause scars
- Neurologic disorder – manifestations of seizures
- Immunologic disorder – results on antibody tests appear to be positive
- Antinuclear antibody test – results of such test turn out to be positive
These symptoms would confirm that the patient has Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. However, tests have to be thoroughly conducted first before a patient will be given a diagnosis. Some of these tests are complete blood count or CBC to detect whether there is a significant fluctuation in the platelet, white and red blood counts. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate or ESR may also be conducted to check the rate of how red blood cells settle in tube at a given time. A faster than normal rate would indicate that the person has lupus. Also, a liver and kidney assessment can be conducted. The results of the assessment could tell whether such organs are working properly and if protein count in the urine is normal. A urinalysis will provide the results needed to find out about abnormalities in the protein levels or cells in the urine. A syphilis test may also be conducted to the patient to check if there are anti-phospholid bodies in the blood.
After such tests are conducted, the doctors would then determine if the patient has manifested at least four of the symptoms in the guidelines made by the American College of Rheumatology. If four or more symptoms are manifested, the patient should begin treatment. I have written an article on how to heal lupus be sure to read it!